History of Fragrances

Fragrance has played a notable part in human history. From ancient Egypt to modern times,the use of perfume has been well documented.

In this chapter you will learn about the history of fragrance, an overview of the fragrance industry, how humans can smell, proper terminologies, fragrance ingredients, how fragrances are made and different fragrance formulations.

Although the word perfume is derived from a Latin term meaning “through smoke” (per fumum), the history or fragrance shows it to be much more concrete and enduring...

  • 4,000 BC First perfumery in Greece, discovered 6,000 years later.
  • 3500 -3000 BC Egyptians soaked in fragrant oils for pleasure and as protection from the sun.
  • 2,000 BC First recorded perfume maker, Tapputi, distilled flowers, oil, and calamus with other aromatics.
  • 1370 The first modern perfume at the command of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary known throughout Europe as Hungary Water.
  • 1400’s France became the European center of perfume and cosmetic manufacture when cultivation of flowers for their perfume essence grew into a major industry in the south of France until today.
  • 1700’s Perfumes were built on a single-flower like rose, violet, lilac, & lily of the valley, used primarily by royalty and the wealthy to mask body odors resulting from the sanitary practices of the day.
  • 1900’s Modern fragrance revolution begins in US with arrival of European scents.
  • 2000’s Mass production of fragrances begins; fragrance use widely accepted by male and female consumers.
  • 2016 to 2019 - An average of 1,700+ fragrances launched per year! Can you imagine 1,700+ fragrance launched in 1 year!? That's 4 to 5 bottles of perfume being launched EVERYDAY!



If you're in this course because you are thinking of starting your own fragrance business, how can you be different from those 4 to 5 bottles that are being launched every day?

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